Akurmi People of Heritage Part-2
THE ASPECT OF AKURMI PEOPLE.
1. MARRIAGE: Marriage in Akurmi kingdom is fully recognised and respected among her people as one of the right of passages due to its practices, before, during and after the wedding, thus types of marriages are:
1a. LEVIRATICAL MARRIAGE BY RIGHT (NISUABE)
This marriage take place where the wife/wives of the late, will be asked to choose among the younger brothers of her late husband to remarry in thee same family in other to take care and maintain the properties and children left behind by her late husband to remarried again
1b. LEVIRATICAL MARRIAGE BY CHOICE (NIYINTA MARRIAGE)
When the wife/wives of the late husband reject such tidings, from her late husband family, the family will give announcement to people around who may have interest her to come, when coming each and every one of them is coming, will come holding his walking stick, and if she accept the person, she will hold the person`s walking stick and take him into her dining room, (uturaka), from there the process of this wedding commenced,
The difference between 1a. Leviratic by right (nisuabe) and 1b. Leviratic by choice (niyinta) is, Leviratic by right take place within, while Leviratic by choice take place outside the home.
1c. BETHROTAL MARRIAGE (UJIRU)
The marriage take its rituals, when the young man having interest on a lady h saw, he serve diligently working at the farm of the girl to work for 5 to 6 years of hard labour before the marriage done.
1c. ELOPMENT MARRIAGE. (UCHOM)
In the tradition of Akurmi, this marriage highly practiced and highly acceptably, most youth who are willing to marry, they met at market square or at the occasion, the boy and his friends will run away with the girl for marriage, after one week or more, the family of the boy will go to the family of the girl to inform them about the where about of their daughter, the custom of Akurmi people fully in acceptance with this kind marriage, but it will look rude to others as the world has totally changed, some may see it as a form of kidnapping but that does not define it that way.
This is the type of marriage that not all Akurmi people practice, according to oral tradition of Akurmi, the marriage happens where there is highly competitions between two families, where the other family refuses to release there daughter to the boy’s family, without getting a replacement of her from them, the marriage mostly done in exchange for a girl to girl.
Or a man may make an exchange with his wife for another wife from either his friend or family.
2. FOOD IN AKURMI CULTURE
Akurmi are blessed with primary products and processed food done traditionally in their culture, their food done according its season and time of the events within and outside their land. Food for the time of farming, food for newly born baby`s for the mother to regain her strength, food for visitors and so many events.
The types of foods are:
MPISSEH, cooking of both millet and cowpea to form a meal, serve as a better meal that can serve workers in the farm.
UGWARANG, to grand guinea corn or millet in a local grinding stone, then mixed with canton sugar together with the grilled grain and pound in a mortar and piston, the meal usually done during naming of the baby or during mourning the death person.
NRUANGA, cooking of water yam where it was tilled from the rocky side, processed for proper cooking, a lot of ingredient will be used in cooking the meal, the meal serve to farmers who work at the farm, majorly this food cooked for farmers for farming.
UGAREH, this is the most favourite dish in Akurmi land. The dish prepared with millet or guinea corn, and done through so many processes by pealing the layers, grinding and pounding, and final production for consumption.
The meal usually done when there is a vast occasion in Akurmi land, there wouldn’t be an occasion that UGAREH will not be done to serve her visitors, if you take UGARE out of Akurmi land, is as if you have taken Akurmi culture out of them, because of the respect they have for it.
IJANAM, some call this plant finger millet due to its nature of how it gives out its seed in form of finger shapes, is a plant known and discovered by Akurmi people, its colour is dark brown and coffee coloured, size 0.02mm, after processing it prepared pap Ngosorouh- (Nbururu or Nsalala) or fufu (Tepara) the pap serve to the visitors when visiting the Akurmi land, while the fufu it serve for men at the farm, sometimes serve as mixture for medicinal use in the land, e.g. epidermis in the land, the fufu may be used to eat the herbs to prevent or cure it.
UHANNAH, pepper soup for the nursing mothers, it help in producing more breast to the mother to nurse her baby very well.
NGOSOROU MUN NKANE, the pap usually done with grinded millet and sulphate or sediment from the ashes to produce it, the pap also serve a means to help the nursing mother too to produce enough breast for breastfeeding her child.
3. CEREMONIES/FESTIVAL IN AKURMI LAND.
The Akurmi people always in observance with times and seasons for every event, the time of cultivation and the time of harvest, a time of giving birth, marriage and death, time of giving out and return, all times were in observance within the Akurmi people.
Ia. B`demborou Known a clan called Har-Ndakare; they display their rituals by invoking the spirits of their ancestral clans to awaking. The event took place at dry season. During the event, little bear (Mpito) will be brought out, people from the clan will all gathered, in displaying their rituals, rain must surely fall, that done to unite their people and prepared them for the farming season a head of them,
Ib. B`demboroum by a clan called Araru; the display of the rituals of this people took place in the day time where Local bear (Mpito) too will be used and cock/fowl will be used to insight the danger and future occurrence of the people in their clan.
Ic. Umambouh by a clan called Akore; this is another clan in celebrating their festivals, this festival usually partake at most, in the time of harvest, their festival displayed both night ended the following morning or afternoon of the next day, mostly the festival done in order to give command and order of harvesting farm products, the gods of the Akurmi “Uware-kaka” command them and the orders taken
RITE OF PASSAGES IN AKURMI LAND.
Every clan in Akurmi culture celebrate life of her people, from birth, early life, Adulthood stage, marital stage, and end of life which is death.
At the time a child was given birth, the mother and her child kept out to another room “Uturaka” where no one enters except the old women that taking care of her, she kept there for 30days of nursing,
At the 30th day, the old women go to the river early in the morning to fetch water, and some leafs “Uvagaah” and “Nrumpu” both the leafs will be soaked inside the water, in their return from the river, they don’t talk to any or accept greetings from any till they return home silently to feed the mother and the child with the water. This water cures and protects both the mother and child from any epidermis of the land.
The male child will be given an image of bow “Utau Usarga” then the female will be given an image of wooding slate “Uhankouw”
Marriage rites, the rite of marriages done according to the types and forms of marriages we have in Akurmi land.
Death rites, this stage requires a lot of rituals and sacrifices to cleanse and purify the spirits, and appease the gods for the repose of the death to be accepted, from the day the deceased died to the seventh day of mourning, at the seventh day where all people will be returning back to their homes, the clan will partake the rituals at the grave, “Uriantike Utare” meaning, to wash ways for the death one and to be accepted by the ancestors, ajar of local bear and food also was prepared, goat will be sacrifice for the event, singing and dancing and other play games will be done to end the event.