The Akulu Chiefdom of Southern Kaduna: the Enterprise People
Known by many as the Ikulu, the Bakulu people are found in the Southern Kaduna sub-region of Northern Nigeria, particularly in Zangon-Kataf, Kachia and Kauru Local Government Areas. The Bakulu tribe is estimated to be made up of over eighty thousand native speakers with their administrative headquarters based in Kamuru Ikulu. Bakulu means ‘Enterprise People’.
Before the creation of the Ikulu Chiefdom in the year 2000, the Bakulu people were administered by the Zaria Emirate majorly due to the British conquest of Northern Nigeria in 1900 which placed most parts of Southern Kaduna under the Zaria Emirate. The Bakulu alongside most of their neighbours were placed under the Kauru Chiefs until the Zangon-Kataf District was created around 1912.
After the creation of Zangon Kataf District under Zaria Emirate, the Ikulu, Atyap, Bajju, Kamantan, and Chawai were the re-assigned under the same District. It was within this period that in 1956, representatives of the District Heads within the various ethnic village groups, Councils of the District (Wakilan Yankuna) were created to ensure the smooth running of the District.
The first Wakilin Ikulu was Mallam Dauda Akini Bahago who administered Ikulu Land from 1956-1966. After his demise was Mallam Yamusa Kaura who ruled for less than a year before the system was abolished as a result of the appointment of Mallam Bala Ade Dauke (Kuyanbanan Zazzau) as the first indigenous District Head. The Ikulu people remained under the Zaria Emirate until the creation of the Atyap Chiefdom in 1995 when Ikulu Land was merged with Zangon Kataf District to become the Atyap Chiefdom.
The Ikulu people finally got their independence from external influence in the year 2000 following the creation of the Ikulu Chiefdom which was carved out of the old Atyap Chiefdom with Mallam Bitrus Kable ibrahim from Gukwu ruling house being elevated and appointed the first paramount ruler, the Agwom Akulu I.
Today, the Ikulu Chiefdom has 10 Districts namely: Kamuru Ampaga, Anchuna, Ashafa, Dutsen Bako, Ladduga (Fulani grazing reserve), Yade, Zagom, Gateh and Fansil with Headquarters at Kamuru.
The Chiefdom has four ruling house namely: Gukwu, Ampaga, Gunkyana, and Ikum. The ruling houses also produce two each of the eleven Kingmakers with the Bajju, Hausa and Fulani Communities in the chiefdom each producing one kingmaker to make it eleven (11) Kingmakers.
Following the demise of His Royal Highness Mallam Bitrus Kable Ibrahim (Agwom Akulu I) on the 23rd of June, 2010, His Excellency, Mr. Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa, the then Executive Governor Kaduna State appointed Mallam Yohanna Sidi Kukah from Gunkyana ruling house as Agwom Akulu II, based on the selection made by the traditional kingmakers of Ikulu Chiefdom, with effect from 27th September, 2010.
The Coronation and Presentation of Staff of Office His Royal Highness Mallam Yohanna Sidi Kukah from Gunkyana ruling house as Agwom Akulu II, was done on Friday 12th November, 2010. At Government Secondary School Ground, Kamuru, Zangon Kataf LGA, Kaduna State.
The Bakulu people are predominantly Christians with a few Moslems and animists, and farming is their major occupation.
You may choose to miss anything in Akulu Land but do not miss the colourful Agwampah Day Festival.
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Can you hear the Echoes of Hope?